Learn About Batteries
Buy Batteries In A Portable World
Learn About Batteries – Contents
Basics You Should Know
BU-001: Sharing Battery Knowledge
Crash Course on Batteries
BU-101: When was the Battery Invented?
BU-102: Battery Developments
BU-103: Global Battery Markets
BU-103a: Battery Breakthroughs — Myth or Fact
BU-104: Getting to Know the Battery
BU-104a: Comparing the Battery with other Power Sources
BU-104b: Building Blocks of a Battery
BU-105: Battery Definitions
BU-106: Advantages of Primary Batteries
BU-106a: Choices of Primary Batteries
BU-107: Comparison Table of Secondary Batteries
BU-201: How does the Lead Acid Battery Work?
BU-201a: Absorbent Glass Mat (AGM)
BU-202: New Lead Acid Systems
BU-203: Nickel-based Batteries
BU-204: How do Lithium Batteries Work?
BU-205: Types of Lithium-ion
BU-206: Li-polymer Battery: Substance or Hype?
BU-206a: Finding the Optimal Runtime and Power Ratio of Li-ion
BU-208: Cycling Performance
BU-209: How does a Supercapacitor Work?
BU-210: How does the Fuel Cell Work?
BU-210a: The Miniature Fuel Cell
BU-210b: How does the Flow Battery Work?
BU-211: Alternate Battery Systems
BU-212: Experimental Rechargeable Batteries
Packaging and Safety
BU-301: A look at Old and New Battery Packaging
BU-301a: Types of Battery Cells
BU-301b: Summary of Li-ion Cell Formats
BU-302: Serial and Parallel Battery Configurations
BU-303: Confusion with Voltages
BU-304: Why are Protection Circuits Needed?
BU-304a: Safety Concerns with Li-ion
BU-304b: Making Lithium-ion Safe
BU-305: Building a Lithium-ion Pack
BU-306: What do Separators Do?
BU-307: How does Electrolyte Work?
BU-308: Availability of Lithium
BU-309: How does Graphite Work in Li-ion?
BU-310: How does Cobalt Work in Li-ion?
BU-401: How do Battery Chargers Work?
BU-401a: Fast and Ultra-fast Chargers
BU-402: What is C-rate?
BU-403: Charging Lead Acid
BU-404: What is Equalizing Charge?
BU-405: Charging with a Power Supply
BU-406: Battery as a Buffer
BU-407: Charging Nickel-cadmium
BU-408: Charging Nickel-metal-hydride
BU-409: Charging Lithium-ion
BU-410: Charging at High and Low Temperatures
BU-411: Charging from a USB Port
BU-412: Charging without Wires
BU-413: Charging with Solar, Turbine
BU-413a: Storing Renewable Energy in a Battery
BU-414: How do Charger Chips Work?
BU-415: How to Charge and When to Charge?
BU-501: Basics About Discharging
BU-501a: Calculating Battery Runtime
BU-501b: How to Calculate Battery Capacity
BU-502: Discharging at High and Low Temperatures
BU-503: Effect of Overloading and Over-discharging
BU-601: How does a Smart Battery Work?
BU-602: How does a Battery Fuel Gauge Work?
BU-603: How to Calibrate a “Smart” Battery
The Battery and You
From Birth to Retirement
BU-701: How to Prime Batteries
BU-701a: How to Calibrate Batteries
BU-702: How to Store Batteries
BU-703: Health Concerns with Batteries
BU-704: How to Transport Batteries
BU-704a: Shipping Lithium-based Batteries by Air
BU-704b: CAUTION & Overpack Labels
BU-704c: Class 9 Label
BU-705: How to Recycle Batteries
BU-705a: Battery Recycling as a Business
BU-705b: Giving Batteries a Second Life
BU-706: Summary of Do’s and Don’ts
How to Prolong Battery Life
BU-801: Setting Battery Performance Standards
BU-801a: How to Rate Battery Runtime
BU-801b: How to Define Battery Life
BU-802: What Causes Capacity Loss?
BU-802a: How does Rising Internal Resistance affect Performance?
BU-802b: What does Elevated Self-discharge do?
BU-802c: How does Premature Voltage Cut-off affect the Runtime?
BU-803: Can Batteries be Restored?
BU-803a: Cell Matching and Balancing
BU-803b: What Causes Cells to Short?
BU-803c: Loss of Electrolyte
BU-804: How to Prolong Lead-acid Batteries
BU-804a: Corrosion, Shedding and Internal Short
BU-804b: Sulfation and How to Prevent it
BU-804c: Water Loss, Acid Stratification and Surface Charge
BU-805: Additives to Boost Flooded Lead Acid
BU-806: Tracking Battery Capacity and Resistance as part of Aging
BU-806a: How Heat and Loading affect Battery Life
BU-807: How to Restore Nickel-based Batteries
BU-807a: Effect of Zapping Nickel-cadmium
BU-808: How to Prolong Lithium-based Batteries
BU-808a: How to Awaken Sleeping Li-ion
BU-808b: What causes Li-ion to die?
BU-808c: What the User Can Do
BU-809: How to Maximize Runtime
BU-809a: What Everyone Should Know about Aftermarket Batteries
Battery Testing and Monitoring
BU-901: Difficulties with Testing Batteries
BU-902: How to Measure Internal Resistance
BU-902a: How to Measure CCA (Cold Cranking Amp)
BU-903: How to Measure State-of-charge
BU-904: How to Measure Capacity
BU-905: Testing Lead Acid Batteries
BU-906: Testing Nickel-based Batteries
BU-907: Testing Lithium-based Batteries
BU-908: Battery Management System (BMS)
BU-909: Battery Test Equipment
BU-909a: Processing Data from a “Smart” Battery
BU-910: How to Repair a Battery Pack
BU-911: How to Repair a Laptop Battery
BU-912: How to Repair Mobile Phone Batteries
BU-913: How to Maintain Fleet Batteries
Batteries as Power Source
Amazing Value of a Battery
BU-1001: Batteries in the Industrial Market
BU-1002: Electric Powertrain, HEV, PHEV
BU-1003: Electric Vehicle (EV)
BU-1004: Charging an Electric Vehicle
BU-1005: Fuel Cell Vehicle
BU-1006: Cost of Mobile Power
BU-1007: Net Calorific Value
BU-1008: Working towards Sustainability
BU-1104: About the Author
BU-1105: About Cadex
BU-1403: Author’s Creed
BU-1405: With Special Thanks
BU-1501 Battery History
BU-1502 Basics about Batteries
BU-1503 How to Maintain Batteries
BU-1504 Battery Test & Analyzing Devices
BU-1505 Short History of Cadex
Tesla’s iPhone Moment — How the Powerwall will Change Global Energy Use
Painting the Battery Green by giving it a Second Life
Charging without Wires — A Solution or Laziness
What everyone should know about Battery Chargers
A Look at Cell Formats and how to Build a good Battery
Battery Breakthroughs — Myth or Fact?
Rapid-test Methods that No Longer Work
Shipping Lithium-based Batteries by Air
How to make Batteries more Reliable and Longer Lasting
What causes Lithium-ion to die?
Safety of Lithium-ion Batteries
Recognizing Battery Capacity as the Missing Link
Managing Batteries for Warehouse Logistics
Caring for your Starter Battery
Giving Batteries a Second Life
How to Make Batteries in Medical Devices More Reliable
Possible Solutions for the Battery Problem on the Boeing 787
Impedance Spectroscopy Checks Battery Capacity in 15 Seconds
How to Improve the Battery Fuel Gauge
Examining Loading Characteristics on Primary and Secondary Batteries
Does the Battery Fuel Gauge Lie?
Battery Fuel Gauge: Factual or Fallacy?
Weird and Wonderful Batteries
What’s the Best Battery?
Will Secondary Batteries replace Primaries?
Four Renegades of Battery Failure
Advancements in Lead Acid
The Secrets of Battery Runtime
Can the Lead-acid Battery Compete in Modern Times?
Modern Lead Battery Systems
Explaining Lithium-ion Chemistries
Is Lithium-ion the Ideal Battery?
Pouch Cell - Small but not Trouble Free
The High-power Lithium-ion
Lithium-ion Safety Concerns
The Smart Battery
Will the Reusable Alkaline Battery have a Future?
Will the Fuel Cell have a Second Life?
How does Internal Resistance affect Performance?
The Battery and the Digital Load
Non-correctable Battery Problems
How to Service Two-way Radio Batteries
Memory: Myth or Fact?
How to Service Cell Phone Batteries
Advanced Battery Analyzers
Computerized Battery Testing
Rapid Testing Portable Batteries
Why do Different Test Methods Provide Dissimilar Readings?
Observing Batteries in Everyday Life
Wheeled and Stationary
What Causes Car Batteries to Fail?
Starting is Easy, but can I Steer and Brake?
Rapid Testing Automotive and Starter Batteries
Are Hybrid Cars Here to Stay?
Is the Electric Car Mature?
Comparing Battery Power
Batteries against Fossil Fuel
The Cost of Portable Power
Is Li-ion the Solution for the Electric Vehicle?
The Future Battery
Battery Testing Equipment
Learning the basics about batteries - sponsored by Cadex Electronics Inc.
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